MATTER CONSISTS OF STARS
THAR REVERSE THE SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS AND
HEAT AND DO NOT EMIT LIGHT.
BG: FILAMENT STRUCTURE OF ORDINARY MATTER SURROUNDED BY DARK
MATTER, AND VICE VESA
MATTER MAP MADE SO FAR CLEARLY SHOWS SIDIS IRREGULAR 3-D CHECKERBOARD.
"NORMAL MATTER IS BUILT INSIDE AN UNDERLYING SCAFFOLDING OF DARK MATTER."
SIDIS IRREGULAR 3-D CHECKERBOARD MODEL:
" ... the negative sections must be completely surrounded by
positive sections and must therefore be finite in all directions. By
reversing this (since we have seen that all physical laws are reversible),
it follows that any positive section must also be finite in all
directions, and be completely surrounded by negative sections.."
Cosmic Voids Not Empty; Find Dark Matter with
Filament Structure; Detect Axions Emanating from Sun
SIDIS IRREGULAR 3-D CHECKERBOARD?
DARK MATTER (BLUE) SURROUNDING
NORMAL MATTER (GRAY) AND VICE VERSA
—"... largest sample of
the distribution of dark matter ever obtained. It demonstrates
normal matter - including stars, galaxies
and gas - is
built inside an underlying scaffolding of dark matter."
IRREGULAR 3-D CHECKERBOARD? (In this inverted-color
version of the original map, red
is dark matter, blue is normal matter.)
luminous matter that we can see is housed within the dark matter
structures that we cannot see, and this dark matter forms a
cosmic web of filaments, knots, and voids. The new data show large filaments of dark matter
where visible galaxies and galaxy clusters lie and cosmic
voids where very few galaxies reside."
IRREGULAR 3-D CHECKERBOARD?
DARK MATTER (BLUE) SURROUNDING NORMAL MATTER (RED) AND VICE
VERSA—This image is intended to represent the "first tremors of the Big
Bang," but it illustrates the Sidis Model. In this and many of the images
MORE DATA, the blue areas represent the negative, dark-matter
sections which surround the positive, ordinary-matter sections
(red). In this particular diagram we see each type surrounding the other
as in the Sidis Irregular 3-D Checkerboard model.
IRREGULAR 3-D CHECKERBOARD?
NEGATIVE SECTIONS (DARK MATTER, BLUE) SURROUNDING POSITIVE
SECTIONS (NORMAL MATTER, RED) AND VICE VERSA—"Starlight
from galaxies ... is colored orange. The green-tinted regions
show hot gas ... blue-colored areas pinpoint the ... dark
matter. ... blend of blue and green in the center of the image
reveals that a clump of dark matter resides near most of the hot
—CONSIST OF DARK
MATTER AND DIM STRUCTURES—16APR2014—"Researchers at the
University of Pennsylvania have measured the "weight" of these cosmic
voids and filaments for the first time, showing the former are not as
empty as they look. ... Dark matter and other dim structures permeate all the
way to the center of the voids."
DISCOVERY OF DARK MATTER WITH FILAMENT STRUCTURE—MAY
BE EVIDENCE THAT DARK MATTER CONSISTS OF DARK STARS—15OCT2012—"
... a team of astronomers has uncovered the presence of a
filament of dark matter extending from the core of the cluster.
The location of the dark matter is revealed in a map of the mass
in the cluster and surrounding region, shown here in blue. The
filament visibly extends out and to the left of the cluster
"Using additional observations from ground-based
telescopes, the team was able to map the filament’s structure in
three dimensions, the first time this has ever been done. The
filament was discovered to extend back from the cluster core,
meaning we are looking along it. ... The significant
amount of dark matter in this cluster, shown in light blue, may
be also similar to the Hercules–Corona Borealis Great Wall."
STARS ARE DISTRIBUTED IN
AN IRREGULAR THREE-DIMENSIONAL CHECKERBOARD OF POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE SECTIONS
thus find the universe to be made up of a number of what we may
call bricks, alternately positive and negative, all of
approximately the same volume; a sort of three-dimensional
checkerboard, the positive spaces counting as white (giving out
light), and the negative spaces as black (absorbing light)."
The shapes of the
"brick" sections are made irregular by harmonics
"The irregularity may thus be of two
the medium pair of faces is caved in, and the largest and
smallest bulged out somewhat less; or the largest and
smallest pairs of faces are caved in slightly, and the
medium pair of faces extremely bulged out."—The
Animate and the Inanimate, Chap. XII
MATTER (BLUE) SURROUNDING NPRMAL MATTER (RED) AND VICE VERSA. This
visualization from BICEP2 is intended to represent the "first tremors
of the Big Bang," but instead it illustrates well the Sidis Model. The
blue areas represent the negative dark-matter sections, the red the
positive ordinary-matter sections, each type surrounding the other as
SIDIS RE THE STARS
exist in an eternal darkstar-lightstar cycle.
They are distributed throughout the universe in an irregular three-dimensional checkerboard
of ordinary-matter spaces where they follow the second law of
thermodynamics and expend light and heat, and
dark-matter spaces where they reverse the second law of
thermodynamics and build up heat and do not emit light.
Dark matter consists of hot dark stars still in their galaxies and filaments.
Dark matter makes up 50% of the infinite and eternal universe.
is a consequence of the laws of physics, e.g., the first law
(energy is neither created nor destroyed).
ANIMATIONS OF SIDIS IRREGULAR THREE DIMENSIONAL CHECKERBOARD MODEL OF
MATTER) AND NEGATIVE SECTIONS (DARK MATTER)
ANIM. DEPICTS FILAMENT STRUCTURE OF NORMAL MATTER
" ... the negative sections must be
completely surrounded by positive sections and must therefore be finite
in all directions. By reversing this (since we have seen that all
physical laws are reversible), it follows that any positive section must
also be finite in all directions, and be completely surrounded by
DARK MATTER (BLUE) SURROUNDING
MATTER (GRAY) AND VICE VERSA.
MATTER CONSISTS OF
HOT DARK STARS STILL IN THEIR GALAXIES AND FILAMENTS
Sidis: "Our previous consideration on the
production of radiant energy from the stars indicates that such
production of radiant energy is only possible where the second law
of thermodynamics is followed, that is, in a positive section of
the universe. In a negative section of the universe the reverse
process must take place; namely, space is full of radiant energy,
presumably produced in the positive section of space, and the
stars use this radiant energy to build up a higher level of heat.
All radiant energy in that section of space would tend to be
absorbed by the stars, which would thus constitute perfectly black
bodies; and very little radiant energy would be produced in that
section of space, but would mostly come from beyond the boundary
... If we were on the positive side, as
seems to be the case, then we could not see beyond such surface,
though we might easily have gravitational or other evidence of
bodies existing beyond that surface."—The
Animate and the Inanimate, Chap.
Let's 'oom into to a dark-matter section
A world that's hot and full of dark stars
Still in their galaxies and filaments
Regaining heat and not shining
They've shone brilliantly in the past
And will yet again
Alternating for eternity their
Lightstar and darkstar epochs
Sky in our black and white version of the above Hubble Telescope
shows normal matter (WHITE) surrounding dark matter (GRAY).
OPTICAL IMAGE OF NORMAL MATTER
SURROUNDING DARK MATTER:
HOT DARK MATTER?—"Data from NASA's Chandra
X-ray Observatory are colored red, showing gas with temperatures of
millions of degrees. In blue is a map showing the total mass
concentration (mostly dark matter) ... ."
galaxies in the cluster make up less than 5 percent of its mass. The gas
(around 20 percent) is so hot that it shines only in X-rays (colored red
in this image). The distribution of invisible dark matter (making up
around 75 percent of the cluster’s mass) is colored here in blue."
HOT DARK MATTER?—"In this composite image, the hot gas
observed with Chandra is colored red, and the galaxies in the optical
image from Hubble appear as mostly white and yellow. The location of the
majority of the matter in the cluster (dominated by dark matter) is
colored blue. When the red and the blue regions overlap, the result is
purple as seen in the image."
HOT DARK MATTER?—"... hot gas as detected by Chandra is
colored red ... starlight from the individual galaxies (yellow and orange)
... most of the matter in the cluster (blue) is dominated by dark matter."
HOT DARK MATTER?—"Hot gas is shown in an image from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory,
and galaxies are shown in an optical image from NASA's Hubble Space
Telescope. The hot gas is color-coded to show temperature, where the
coolest gas is reddish purple, the hottest gas is blue, and the
temperatures in between are purple."
"This composite shows
three different components of the Hubble COSMOS survey:
The normal matter (in red) determined mainly by the
European Space Agency’s XMM/Newton telescope, the dark
matter (in blue) and the stars and galaxies (in grey)
observed in visible light with Hubble."
HOT DARK MATTER?
MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM
CONCENTRATIONS OF ENERGY IN A DARKSTAR GALAXY——"The simulated
distribution of dark matter in a Milky Way-like galaxy for standard,
non-interacting dark matter ... The colours represent the density of
dark matter, with red indicating high-density and blue indicating
HOT DARK MATTER? MAXIMUM
AND MINIMUM CONCENTRATIONS OF ENERGY IN A DARKSTAR GALAXY—"Brightness
(blue-to-violet-to-red-to-yellow) corresponds to increasing
concentration of dark matter. The bright central region corresponds
roughly to the Milky Way’s luminous matter of gas and stars, and the
bright clumps indicate dark-matter satellites orbiting our Milky Way
galaxy which are known as 'substructure'."
HOT DARK MATTER?
MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM CONCENTRATIONS OF ENERGY IN A DARKSTAR GALAXY—"Diffuse,
hot gas with a temperature of nearly 50 million degrees permeates the
space between the galaxies. The gas emits X-rays, seen as blue in the
image taken with the Chandra X-ray Observatory in November 2003. The X-ray
portion of the image shows enormous holes or cavities in the gas, each
roughly 640,000 light-years in diameter — nearly seven times the diameter
of the Milky Way. The cavities are filled with charged particles gyrating
around magnetic field lines and emitting radio waves shown in the red
portion of image taken with the Very Large Array telescope in New Mexico
in October 2004."
DARK MATTER? MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM CONCENTRATIONS
OF ENERGY IN A DARKSTAR GALAXY—"Is this just an unusual cluster, or
could it be a sign of the existence of
'hot' dark matter?
... Galaxies are represented as peaks, and the central
mountain is the dark matter in between the galaxies. ...
a much smoother and less centrally concentrated
distribution of dark matter in one cluster."
"This figure shows the number density (red squares) for each brightness
of the galaxies derived from observation in this study. Compared to past
observation results (blue squares), galaxies approximately ten times as
dark were detected. The curve shows the prediction by the theories of
TOKYO: June 2, 2013. Scientists using the ALMA telescope have
discovered 15 previously unidentified, extremely dark galaxies buried
deeply in cosmic dust. ... it is possible that many galaxies in the
universe have been overlooked as much of that radiation is largely
absorbed by cosmic dust, researchers said.
video of facility
The idea behind the challenge
is to spur scientists, including those from fields outside
astronomy, to come up with new insight into the problems of
measuring dark matter and dark energy. Contestants are asked to
solve galaxy puzzles involving millions of images from NASA's
Hubble Space Telescope. A better understanding of the "dark side
of the cosmos" may reveal new information about the very fabric
and fate of our universe. ... The GREAT3 challenge
is designed to improve methods for measuring weak lensing in
preparation for future dark matter/dark energy missions.
Andrew Fazekas for
National Geographic News—July
11, 2012 Eleven
billion light-years away, strange, dark galaxies nearly devoid of
stars have been finally spotted, according to a new
study.Predicted in theory but never before observed,
these elusive objects
appear to be similar to today's galaxies in that they're rich in
without any stars to light the gas, the galaxies have remained
hidden from view. To find these cosmic
ghosts, Cantalupo and colleagues took advantage of one of the
brightest light sources in the cosmos—a quasar known as
Wow! Dark Galaxies of the Early Universe Spotted- jul122012
For the first time, dark galaxies — an early phase of galaxy
formation, predicted by theory but unobserved until now — may have
These objects are essentially
- For the first time,
— an early phase of galaxy formation, predicted by theory but
unobserved until now — may have been spotted. These objects are
essentially gas-rich galaxies without stars. Using ESO’s Very
Large Telescope, an international team thinks they have detected
these elusive objects by observing them glowing as they are
illuminated by a quasar. Because they are essentially devoid of
stars, these dark galaxies don’t emit much light, making them very
hard to detect. For years astronomers have been trying to develop
new techniques that could confirm the existence of these galaxies.
Small absorption dips in the spectra of background sources of
light have hinted at their existence.
However, this new study
marks the first time that such objects have been seen directly.
Univ. of Cambridge, Institute of
Astronomy, Published on 11/07/2012
FEB. 23, 2005—An
international team of astronomers from the UK, France, Italy and
Australia REPORTS first observation of a dark galaxy
The eccentric genius William James Sidis, who lived in the early
20th century and was estimated by psychologists to possess the
highest IQ of anyone known to history (300 – 350), wrote a paper
called “The Animate and the Inanimate” in which he predicted —
derived logically would be more like it, using thermodynamic
principles — that the universe would consist of large regions of
dark matter, at least 50% of the whole by his estimate.
It’s not an easy
paper to understand in its own right. And the fact that he was an
auto-didact* for the most part (although graduating from Harvard
at a very young age) who gives no mention to quantum theory or
relativity may cause many knee-jerk rejections by the ‘learned.’
But I think it bears careful scrutiny nonetheless. It can be found
at the William James Sidis Archives on the net, at: