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Notes on the Collection of Transfers

W. J. Sidis



        The following is a sample mode of dividing the United State into geographical division and sub-divisions for the purpose of a code notation of transfer-issuing systems such as is suggested in Section 25. Though we are using this classification, it is but a sample, not necessarily recommended as the best. Under each sub-division is indicated (where otherwise it would not be clear) a list of the cities of over 10,000 population (census of 1920); also the code numbering for systems for which we have collected transfers. Note that state lines are not strictly followed. This notation is thus applied as shown below to a hundred systems scattered over the United States.


1. New England Division. Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, Rhode Island.

2. New York Division. Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania.

3. Central Atlantic Division. District of Columbia, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia.

4. Great Lakes Division. Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin.

5. Southeastern Division. Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee.

6. Prairie Division. Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota.

7. Southwestern Division, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Texas.

8. Mountain Division. Arizona, Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming.

9. Pacific Division. California, Nevada, Oregon, Washington.



1A. Boston and Vicinity. Containing: Arlington, Attleboro, Belmont, Beverly, Boston, Braintree, Brockton, Brookline, Cambridge, Chelsea, Danvers, Dedham, Everett, Fall River, Framingham, Gloucester, Haverhill (partly), Lawrence (partly), Lowell, Lynn, Malden, Marlboro, Medford, Melrose, Methuen, Natick, Newton, Norwood, Peabody, Quincy, Revere, Salem, Saugus, Somerville, Taunton, Wakefield, Waltham, Watertown, Weymouth, Winchester, Winthrop, Woburn, in Massachusetts.

1Ai. Boston Elevated Railway system (Greater Boston).

1Aii. Boston, Revere Beach, and Lynn Railroad (Boston to Lynn and Winthrop).

1Aiii. Eastern Massachusetts Street Railway system (northwards and southwards from Boston).

1Aiv. Middlesex and Boston Street Railway (west and northwest of Boston).

1B. Cape Cod Region. Containing: New Bedford, Plymouth, in Massachusetts.

1C. Southeastern New Hampshire Region. Containing: Haverhill (partly), Lawrence (partly), Newburyport, in Massachusetts; Concord, Dover, Manchester, Nashua, Portsmouth, in New Hampshire.

1Ci. Portsmouth Electric Railway (Portsmouth and Rye, N. H.).

1D. Southern Maine. Containing: Auburn, Augusta, Bath, Biddeford, Lewiston, Portland, Sanford, Waterville, in Maine,

1E. Rhode Island.

1Ei. United Electric Railways Company (Providence and vicinity).

1Eii. Newport Electric system (Newport and vicinity).

1F. Central Massachusetts. Containing: Clinton, Fitchburg, Gardner, Leominster, Milford, Northbridge, Webster, Worcester, in Massachusetts.

1Fi. Worcester Consolidated Street Railway (Worcester and vicinity).

1G. Central Connecticut Valley. Containing: Adams, Chicopee, Easthampton, Greenfield, North Adams, Northampton, Pittsfield, Southbridge, Springfield, West Springfield, Westfield, in Massachusetts; Keene, in New Hampshire.

1Gi. Springfield Street Railway Company (Springfield and vicinity).

1Gii. Northampton Street Railway Company (Northampton and vicinity).

1H. Eastern Maine. Containing Bangor, in Maine.

1I. Southern Vermont. Containing Rutland, in Vermont.

1J. Northern Vermont. Containing: Barre, Burlington, in Vermont.

1K. Northern New Hampshire and Maine. Containing Berlin, in New Hampshire.

1L. Connecticut. Also including in the state of New York: New Rochelle (partly), Port Chester.

1Li. The Connecticut Company (all over Connecticut).

1Lii. New York and Stamford Railway Company (New Rochelle, N. Y., to Stamford, Conn.).

Liii. Danbury and Bethel Street Railway Company (Danbury, Conn., and vicinity).


2A. New York City Region (including Long Island). Containing: Mount Vernon, New York, New Rochelle (partly), Yonkers, in N. Y.

2Ai. New York Railways system (Manhattan Island).

2Aii. Third Avenue Railway system (N. Y. City and northwards).

2Aiii. Second Avenue Railroad Company (Eastern Manhattan).

2Aiv. Fifth Avenue Coach Company (N. Y. City).

2Av. Interborough Rapid Transit Company (N. Y. City).

2Avi. Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit system (Brooklyn, extending into Manhattan and Queens).

2Avii. Brooklyn City Railroad system (Brooklyn and Queens, N. Y. City).

2Aviii. Manhattan and Queens Traction Corporation (Queens, N. Y. City).

2Aix. Long Island Railroad (Long Island).

2Ax. New York and Queens County Railway system (northern Queens).

2Axi. Long Island Electric system (eastern Queens and western Nassau County).

2Axii. City of New York, Department of Plant and Structures (Staten Island municipal cars).

2Axiii. Richmond Light and Railroad Company (Staten Island, N. Y. City).

2Axiv. Staten Island Rapid Transit Company (Staten Island, N. Y. City).

2B. Central Hudson Valley. Containing: Beacon; Kingston, Middletown, Newburgh, Ossining, Peekskill, Port Jervis, Poughkeepsie, White Plains, in New York.

2Bi. Westchester Street Railroad Company (White Plains and vicinity).

2Bii. Newburgh Public Service Corporation (Newburgh).

2Biii. Poughkeepsie and Wappingers Falls Railway (Poughkeepsie and vicinity).

2Biv. Peekskill Lighting and Railroad system (Peekskill and vicinity).

2Bv. Kingston Consolidated Railways Company (Kingston).

2Bvi. Hudson River and Eastern Traction Company (Ossining).

2C. New Jersey, Southeast. Containing: Asbury Park, Atlantic City, Bridgeton, Long Branch, Millville, in N. J.

2Ci. Atlantic City and Shore Railroad system (Atlantic City and vicinity).

2Cii. Atlantic Coast Electric Railway (Asbury Park, Belmar, Long Branch).

2D. New Jersey, Northwest. Extending into Manhattan Island (N. Y. City), and containing, in New Jersey: Bayonne, Belleville, Bloomfield, Camden, Clifton, East Orange, Elizabeth, Englewood, Garfield, Gloucester, Hackensack, Harrison, Hoboken, Irvington, Jersey City, Kearny, Montclair, Morristown, New Brunswick, Newark, Orange, Passaic, Paterson, Perth Amboy, Plainfield, Rahway, Roosevelt, Summit, Trenton, Union, West Hoboken, West New York, West Orange.

2Di. Public Service Railway system (most New Jersey cities).

2Dii. Trenton and Mercer County Traction Corporation (Trenton and vicinity).

2Diii. Hudson and Manhattan Railroad Company (New York, N. Y., to Newark, N. J.).

2Div. Morris County Traction Company (Morris County and vicinity).

2E. Pennsylvania Coal District, Southwest. Containing: Mahanoy City, Mount Carmel, Pottsville, Shamokin, Shenandoah, Sunbury, Tamaqua, Williamsport in Pennsylvania.

2Ei. Mauch Chunk and Lehighton Transit Company (Mauch Chunk and vicinity).

2F. Southeast Central Pennsylvania. Containing: Carlisle, Coatesville, Columbia, Harrisburg, Lancaster, Steelton, York, in Pennsylvania.

2Fi. Harrisburg Railways Company (Harrisburg and vicinity).

2G. Philadelphia and vicinity (including all Delaware). Containing: Wilmington in Delaware; Bristol, Cheltenham, Chester, Philadelphia, Phoenixville, West Chester, in Pennsylvania. This subdistrict also extends a bit into New Jersey at Lambertville and Trenton. Roxborough sectIon of Philadelphia belongs to 2H.

2Gi. Philadelphia Rapid Transit system (Philadelphia and vicinity).

2Gii. Fairmount Park Transit Company (Philadelphia).

2Giii. Pennsylvania-New Jersey Traction Company (eastern Bucks Co., Pa., to Lambertville and Trenton, N. J.).

2Giv. Wilmington and Philadelphia Traction system (northern Delaware to Chester, Media, and Darby.

2Gv. Frankford, Tacouy, and Holmesburg Street Railway Company (northeastern Philadelphia).

2H. Upper Delaware Valley. Containing: Phillipsburg, N. J.; Allentown, Bethlehem, Easton. Lebanon, Philadelphia (Roxborough section), Plymouth, Pottstown, Reading, in Pennsylvania.

2Hi. Lehigh Valley Transit system (lower Lehigh Valley, Pa.).

2Hii. Reading Transit and Light system (Philadelphia to Lebanon, Pa.).

2Hiii. Easton Transit system (Easton, Pa., and vicinity).

2I. Pennsylvania Coal District, Northeast. Containing: Carbondale, Dickson City, Dunmore, Hazleton, Nanticoke, Old Forge, Olyphant, Pittston, Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, in Pennsylvania.

2Ii. Scranton Railway Company (Scranton and vicinity).

2Iii. Wilkes-Barre Railway Company (Wilkes-Barre and vicinity).

2J. Upper Hudson Valley. Containing: Albany, Amsterdam, Cohoes, Glens Falls, Hudson, Johnstown, Rensselaer, Saratoga Springs, Schenectady, Troy, Watervliet, in N. Y. State.

2Ji. United Traction Company (Albany, Troy and vicinity).

2Jii. Schenectady Railway Company (Schenectady and vicinity).

2K. Adirondack Region. Containing: Ogdensburg, Plattsburg, Watertown, in New York.

2L. Lake Ontario Region. Containing: Auburn, Batavia, Fulton, Geneva, Herkimer, Little Falls, Oneida, Oneonta, Oswego, Rochester, Rome, Syracuse, Utica, in New York state.

2Li. New York State Railways Company (Central New York state).

2Lii. Syracuse Railways Co-ordinated Bus Lines (Syracuse).

2Liii. Rochester, Lockport, and Buffalo Railroad (Rochester to Lockport).

2M. Erie-Niagara Region. Containing: Buffalo, Dunkirk, Jamestown, Lackawanna, Lockport, Niagara Falls, North Tonawanda, Olean, Tonawanda, in New York; Niagara Falls, in Ontario; Erie, Meadville, Warren, in Pennsylvania.

2Mi, International Railway system (Niagara river region).

2Mii. Buffalo and Lake Erie Traction Company (Erie, Pa., to Buffalo).

2N. South Central New York. Containing: Binghamton, Corning, Cortland, Elmira, Hornell, Ithaca, in New York.

2O. Western Pennsylvania. Containing: Chambersburg, Dubois, Greater Punxsutawney, Greensburg, Johnstown Punxsutawney, in Pennsylvania.

2P. Pittsburgh and Vicinity. Containing: Ambridge, Braddock, Butler, Canonsburg, Carnegie, Carrick, Charleroi, Connellsville, Donora, Duqllesne, Homestead, Jeannette, McKees Rocks, McKeesport, Monessen, New Castle (partly), North Braddock, North Kensington, Pittsburgh Swissvale, Uniontown, Washington, Wilkinsburg, in Pennsylvania.

2Pi. Pittsburgh Railways Company (Pittsburgh and vicinity).

2Q. Central Pennsylvania. Containing: Altoona, Bradford, in Pennsylvania.


3A. Eastern Maryland. Containing: Annapolis and Baltimore, in Maryland.

3Ai. United Railways and Electric Company (Baltimore and vicinity).

3B. Northern Virginia (north of the 38th parallel). Containing: Charlottesville and Staunton, Va.

3C. Norfolk and Vicinity. Containing: Norfolk, Newport News, Portsmouth, in Virginia.

3D. Washington and Vicinity.

3Di. Washington Railway and Company (D. C. and vicinity in Maryland).

3Dii. Capitol Traction Company (D. C. and vicinity).

3Diii. Washington-Virginia Railway (D. C. to Virginia suburbs).

3Div. Washington Rapid Transit Company (Washington, D. C.).

3E. Western Maryland. Containing: Cumberland and Hagerstown, Md.

3F. Southwestern West Virginia. Containing Charleston in West Virginia.

3G. Richmond and Vicinity. Containing: Petersburg and Richmond, in Virginia.

3H. Western End of Virginia (south of 38th parallel, west of 79th meridian). Containing: Danville, Lynchburg, Roanoke, in Virginia.

31. Northeastern West Virginia. Containing: Bellaire, Steubenville, Martins Ferry, in Ohio; Beavers Falls in Pennsylvania; BIuefield, Fairmont, Clarksburg, Martinsburg, Morgantown, Moundsville, Wheeling, in West Virginia.


4A. Chicago and Vicinity. Containing: Aurora, Berwyn, Blue Island, Chicago, Chicago Heights, Cicero, Elgin, Evanston, Forest Park, Maywood, Oak Park, Waukegan, in Illinois; East Chicago, Gary, Hammond, Whiting, in Indiana.

4Ai. Chicago Surface Lines (Chicago, Ill.).

4B. Northwestern Illinois. Containing: Canton, Freeport, Galesburg, Joliet, Kewanee, La Salle, Moline, Ottawa, Rockford, Rock Island, Streator, in Illinois; Davenport, Fort Madison, Keokuk, Muscatine, in Iowa; Janesville, In Wisconsin.

4C. Central Illinois. Containing: Bloomington, Champaign, Danville, Decatur, Jacksonville, Kankakee, Lincoln, Mattoon, Pekin, Peoria, Quincy, Springfield, Urbana, in Illinois.

4D. Southern Illinois. Containing: Cairo, Centralia, Herrin, Murphysboro, in Illinois.

4E. Milwaukee and Vicinity. Containing: Kenosha, Milwaukee, Racine, Sheboygan, Waukesha, West Allis, in Wisconsin.

4F. Southern Wisconsin. Containing Madison in Wisconsin.

4G. Northern Wisconsin. Containing: Appleton, Ashland, Fond du Lac, Green Bay, La Crosse, Manitowoc, Marinette, Oshkosh, Stevens Point, Wausau, in Wisconsin.

4H. Northern Peninsula of Michigan). Containing: Escanaba, Ironwood, Ishpeming, Marquette, Sault Sainte Marie, in Michigan.

4I. Northern Indiana. Containing: Elkhart, Fort Wayne, Huntington, Laporte, Logansport, Marion, Michigan City, Mishawaka, New Castle, Peru, South Bend, in Indiana.

4J. Central Indiana. Containing: Anderson, Clinton, Crawfordsville, Elwood, Frankfort, Indianapolis, Kokomo, Lafayette, Muncie, Richmond, Terre Haute, in Indiana. Also extending to Paris, III.

4K. Southern Indiana. Containing: Bloomington, Evansville, Vincennes, in Indiana.

4L. Tip of Michigan's Southern Peninsula. Containing: Alpena, Bay City, Muskegon, Saginaw, Traverse City, in Michigan.

4M. Detroit Region. Containing: Ann Arbor, Detroit, Flint, Hamtramck, Highland Park, Jackson, Lansing, Monroe, Pontiac, Port Huron, Wyandotte, in Michigan.

4Mi. City of Detroit, Department of Street Railways (municipal transit in Detroit).

4Mii. Detroit Motorbus Company (Detroit).

4N. Southwestern Michigan. Containing: Battle Creek, Benton Harbor, Grand Rapids, Holland, Kalamazoo, in Michigan.

40. Northwestern Ohio. Containing: Adrian in Michigan; Findley, Lima, Lorain, Sandusky, Tiffin, Toledo, in Ohio.

40i. Community Traction Company (Toledo).

40ii. Lake Shore Electric Railway (Toledo to Cleveland).

4P. Northeastern Ohio. Containing: Akron, Alliance, Ashtabula, Barberston, Canton, Cleveland, Cleveland Heights, Cuyahoga Falls, East Cleveland, Elyria, Kenmore, Lakewood, Mansfield, Massillon, New Philadelphia, Salem, in Ohio.

4Pi. Cleveland Railway Company (Cleveland and suburban).

4Pii. Northern Ohio Traction and Light Company (Akron, Canton and neighboring cities).

4Piii. City of Ashtabula, Division of Street Railways.

4Piv. Cleveland Southwestern Railway and Light Company (Cleveland to Wellington and Bucyrus).

4Q. Western Kentucky. Containing: Jefferson, New Albany, in Indiana; Henderson, Louisville, Owensboro, Paducah, in Kentucky.

4R. Central Ohio. Containing: Bucyrus, Chillicothe, Columbus, Coshocton. Marion, Newark, Springfield, Zanesville, in Ohio.

4Ri. Columbus Railway, Light and Power Company (Columbus).

4S. Southeastern Ohio. Containing: Cambridge, East Liverpool, East Youngstown, Lancaster, Marietta, Portsmouth, Warren, Youngstown, in Ohio; Farrell, New Castle (partly), Sharon, in Pennsylvania; Parkersburg in West Virginia.

4T. Eastern Kentucky. Containing: Ashland and Lexington, in Kentucky; Ironton in Ohio; Huntington in West Virginia.

4U. Cincinnati and Vicinity. Containing: Covington and Newport, in Kentucky; Cincinnati, Dayton, Hamilton, Middletown, Piqua, in Ohio.

4Ui. Cincinnati Traction Company (Cincinnati and Vicinity).

4Uii. Cincinnati, Covington and Newport Railway (Cincinnati to Kentucky suburbs).


5A. Georgia. Including also Alabama suburbs of Columbus, excluding Augusta and suburbs of Chattanooga.

5B. South Carolina. Including also Augusta, Ga.

5C. North Carolina.

5D. Eastern Tennessee. Containing: Chattanooga, Johnson City, Knoxville, Nashville, in Tennessee.

5E. Alabama.

5F. Mississippi and western Tennessee. Containing all of Mississippi; Jackson and Memphis, Tenn.

5G. Florida.


6A. Saint Louis and Vicinity. Containing: Alton, Belleville, East Saint Louis, Granite, in ll1inois; Saint Louis, Mo.

6Ai. UnIted Railways Company of Saint Louis (Saint Louis and suburbs).

6Aii. People's Motor Bus Company (Saint Louis, Mo.).

6Aiii. East Saint Louis Railways (Illinois suburbs of Saint Louis).

6B. Southern Missouri. Containing: Cape Girardeau, Jefferson City, Sedalia, Springfield, in Missouri.

6C. Northern Missouri. Containing: Columbia, Hannibal, Moberly, in Missouri.

6D. Kansas City and Vicinity. Containing: Atchison, Kansas City, Lawrence, Leavenworth, in Kansas; Independence, Kansas City, Saint Joseph, in Missouri.

6Di. Kansas City Railways system (Kansas City, Mo.- Kan., and suburbs).

6E. Joplin and Vicinity. Containing: Chanute, Coffeyville, Parsons, Independence, Pittsburg, in Kansas; Carthage, Joplin, in Missouri.

6F. Eastern Kansas. Containing: Eldorado, Emporia, Fort Scott, Topeka, in Kansas.

6G. Western Kansas. Containing: Arkansas City, Hutchinson, Salina, Wichita, in Kansas.

6H. Eastern Iowa. Containing: Burlington, Cedar Rapids, Dubuque, Iowa City, Mason City, Ottumwa, Waterloo, in Iowa.

61. Western Iowa. Containing: Boone, Fort Dodge, Des Moines, Sioux City, in Iowa.

6J. Nebraska. Including also the Iowa suburbs of Omaha, including Council Bluffs.

6K. North and South Dakota. Including Minnesota suburbs of Fargo, N. D

6L. Southern Minnesota. Containing: Austin, Faribault, Hibbing, Mankato, Minneapolis, Rochester, Saint Paul, Winona, in Minnesota.

6M. Northern Minnesota. Containing: Duluth and Saint Cloud in Minnesota; Superior in Wisconsin.


7A. Louisiana.

7Ai. New Orleans Public Service (New Orleans, La.).

7B. Southeastern Texas (south of 31st parallel, east of l00th meridian). Containing: Austin, Beaumont, Brownsville, Corpus Christi, Galveston, Houston, Port Arthur, San Antonio, in Texas.

7Bi. Public Service Company of San Antonio.

7Bii. Houston Electric Railway Company.

7Biii. Galveston Electric Railway Company.

7C. Northeastern Texas (north of 31st parallel, east of l00th meridian). Containing: Abilene, Cleburne, Corsicana, Dallas, Denison, Fort Worth. Greenville, Palestine, Paris, Ranger, Sherman, Temple, Tyler, Waco, Wichita Falls.

7D. Arkansas. Including also Texarkana, Texas.

7E. Oklahoma.

7F. Western Texas (west of the I00th meridian). Containing: Amarillo, Del Rio, El Paso, San Angelo, in Texas; Juarez in Chihuahua, Mexico.

7Fi. El Paso Electric Railway (El Paso and suburbs, including Juarez).


8A. Colorado.

8Ai. Denver Tramway Company (Denver and vicinity).

8B. Arizona and New Mexico.

8C. Utah.

8D. Wyoming.

8E. Montana.

9Bx. Santa Barbara and Suburban Railway Company


9A. San Francisco Bay Region. Containing: Alameda, Berkeley, Oakland, Richmond, San Francisco, San Jose, Santa Cruz, Vallejo, in California.

9Ai. Market Street Railway Company (San Francisco).

9Aii. Municipal Railway of San Francisco.

9Aiii. California Street Cable Railroad (San Francisco).

9Aiv. San Francisco-Oakland Terminal Railways (Oakland and vicinity).

9B. Southern California. Containing: Bakersfield, Glendale, Long Beach. Los Angeles, Pasadena, Pomona, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Ana, Santa Barbara, Santa Monica, Venice, in California.

9Bi. Los Angeles Railway system (Los Angeles).

9Bii. Pacific Electric Railway system (Los Angeles County and vicinity).

9Biii. San Diego Electric Railway Company (San Diego and vicinity).

9Biv. Los Angeles Motor Bus Company (Los Angeles).

9Bv. Band H Transportation Company (Long Beach).

9Bvi. Long Beach Transit Company (Long Beach).

9Bvii. San Pedro Motorbus Company (San Pedro district of Los Angeles).

9Bviii. Bay Cities Transit Company (Santa Monica, Venice, and the Sawtelle district of Los Angeles).

9Bix. Glendale and Montrose Railway Company (Glendale and vicinity). (Santa Barbara and vicinity).

9C. Northern California and Nevada. Containing entire Nevada; Eureka, Fresno, Sacramento, Stockton, in California.

9D. Oregon. Including also Vancouver, Yakima, in Washington.

9E. Western Washington. Containing: Aberdeen, Bellingham, Everett, Hoquiam, Seattle, Tacoma, in Washington.

9F. Idaho and Eastern Washington. Containing entire Idaho; Spokane and Walla Walla, Washington.

         As a further illustration of this sort of notation, we add an outline map to illustrate the code above given. This map shows Division 2 as sub-divided in the notation we have given above. If the collector finds it worth while to adopt any such geographical classification of transfer-issuing systems, he will probably find it best to mark his classification on outline maps in the manner indicated. In this map, the letter we have assigned to each geographical sub-division is marked in that region.




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